Mereu m-a pasionat, ca om al arhivelor ce sunt, istoria noastră văzută de alții. Punctele noastre de vedere, sentimentul nostru față de trecut, felul cum am înțeles evenimentele au ceva de serie, banal. Noi trecem dintr-o extremă în alta ușor. Ba ne considerăm buricul pămîntului, cei mai grozavi, apărătorii creștinătății la marginea Europei. Cînd nu, ne vedem ca niște gunoaie, paria, ultimii din Europa. Ce ne ajută să scăpăm de această boală este să aflăm cum redau străini diverse perioade din istoria noastră (chiar și cind și conțin informatii greșite). Străinii abordează un ton mai natural, mai neutru, relaxat chiar, și, pînă, la urma mai obiectiv. Dar meritul acestor documente este mai ales că ne pun într-un context mai larg, se uită și spre vecinii noștri, spre Europa. Ne pun firesc la locul nostru.
Iata mai joc ce a notat BBC News in urma cu ceva timp despre evenimentele de la Bucuretii de la sfirsitul lunii ianuarie 1990. Observ că gazetele noastre au uitata acea criză de proporții, nu îi dedică materiale documentare. Pentru BBC News acele momente au fost suficient de importante în lupta dură pentru democrație. Nu doar la Bucrești, ci în tot Estul continentului.
Tens of thousands of pro-democracy demonstrators have taken to the streets of the Romanian capital, Bucharest to protest against the interim government of Ion Iliescu. It was the biggest demonstration in the capital, since the revolution just over a month ago which led to the fall and execution of the former communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. The protesters converged on Victory Square, where Mr Iliescu’s National Salvation Front party has its headquarters. They called for the resignation of Mr Iliescu and the removal of all former communists from the party. The demonstrators claim the interim president is denying opposition parties the chance to stand on equal terms with the ruling party in the free elections planned for May.
We had hoped we could advance toward democracy Ion Ratiu
Mr Iliescu himself appeared on a balcony overlooking the square and promised to carry on talking with the opposition parties. Ion Ratiu, leader of the opposition National Peasants’ Party, told the BBC: „We are at long last emerging from a dictatorship that’s lasted virtually 45 years and we had hoped we could advance toward democracy and this is precisely why the young people shed their blood. „Yet these demonstrations today make it look to me as if there is going to be a new attempt at taking over power from the people.”He is holding more talks with Mr Iliesu later this week, but said the opposition’s limited access to the media meant there was little hope of a fair election.
The revolution began in mid-December with a protest in the town of Timisoara against the deportation of Hungarian priest, Laszlo Tokes, who had denounced Ceausescu in a sermon. What began as a small protest, quickly grew into a massive anti-government riot. Many demonstrators were shot when troops were brought in to restore order. But the demonstrations continued and Ceausescu and his wife were captured trying to flee the country, tried and executed on Christmas day.
Ion Iliescu remained in power until 1996.
But rather than pushing through democratic reforms as he had promised, he blocked moves to prosecute those behind the shootings in the December revolution. There has been much speculation since the overthrow of Ceausescu that it was not so much a revolution as a coup, plotted by Iliescu and his supporters It was Iliescu who ordered Ceausescu’s trial and subsequent execution. He was finally ousted from power by a centre-right government in 1996 – but three governments later and prolonged political feuding led to the re-emergence of Iliescu’s opposition party. He was returned to power in 2000 at the head of the party of Social Democracy, promising faster reforms to get Romania into the European Union.
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